China was declared malaria free today. Congratulations to all who met the challenge and stepped forward to face such a monumental task and reached this milestone!

The obligatory question is why is Africa nowhere close to being malaria free? Take out the Sahara and the Kalahari, however, and their sizes are comparable. Africa is three times bigger than China, but China’s population is about 30% larger.

Having China malaria free while Africa continues to lead the World in malaria cases brings me back to the question I posed in “Perspective,” published the Global Health Community of the Global Business Coalition for Health: When it comes to mosquito control, are we doing the right thing? Are we doing things right?


By Manuel Lluberas

I am a public health entomologist with extensive experience in the control of insects of public health and veterinary importance obtained during the past three decades, including twelve years as medical entomologist and medical intelligence officer for the US Navy attached to the US Marines. I have provided technical assistance on the design, implementation, evaluation, and technical capacity building on integrated vector management to ministries of health and agriculture, private and public entities, and UN agencies in four continents. Some of my most significant accomplishments include designing the indoor residual spraying (IRS) campaign against malaria vectors of the US President's Malaria Initiative for Sub Saharan Africa (PMI); helping the University of South Florida and The Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation develop the habitat signatures for mosquito vectors in Cambodia using spectral signatures from sub-meter pixel data obtained from 5 satellites; and conducting Entomological Monitoring and Vector Control Capacity Evaluations against Aedes aegypti (vector of Dengue, Zika and Chikungunya) for portions of Central America under projects with USAID. Other projects include developing and implementing the mosquito population suppression strategies in Banda Aceh and Western Sumatra, Indonesia after the Tsunami of 2005; helping Haiti's Ministry of Health and Population develop mosquito control protocols in the aftermath of the earthquake of 2010; and assisting the Pan Africa Tsetse fly and Trypanosomiasis Eradication Campaign reduce sleeping sickness in parts of West Africa. I have been a member of the Vector Control Working Group of WHO’s Roll Back Malaria Campaign since its inception, have over thirty technical articles on vector management published, wrote a column on Malaria World for two years, contributed to the publication of WHO’s Global Plan for Insecticide Resistance Management in Malaria Vectors, and drafted the first two drafts of WHO’s Operational Manual for Indoor Residual Spraying. I’ve presented numerous keynote addresses and lectures on integrated vector management in Spanish and English in several international congresses on vector control in Africa, Europe, South America, and the United States, and provide simultaneous translation from Spanish to English for the Latin America Symposia for the American Mosquito Control Association. I was twice selected as finalist for the Rear Admiral Charles S. Stevenson Award for excellence in Preventive Medicine, the top award in US Navy Medicine and received the Meritorious Service Medal from the American Mosquito Control Association. I hold an FAA certification as a Remote Pilot of a small, Unmanned Aerial System (sUAS or drone) and a 25-Ton Master Captain Certificate with sailing endorsement from the US Coast Guard.

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